Carving art is one of the unique arts, with its uniqueness, no wonder if this one is in bandrol with a high price on the market.
Therefore, this time we will learn about the art of carving to its roots. So that later we understand the carving art pengertian seni ukir that has a high selling value.
Carving is the activity of scraping, carving and incising a pattern on the surface of something carved.
Usually carving or sculpting activities in order to obtain the desired shape. By reducing and removing unnecessary parts. To form ornaments in accordance with the ideas desired by the artist, giving rise to artistic forms.
In Indonesia, this carving work has been known since the age of the young stone. At that time, there were many stone tools such as household utensils and pottery and wood objects.
These objects are carved with various geometric motifs, such as beams, circles, lines, ziq-zaq and triangles.
In general, these carvings , in addition to being used as decoration, also contain symbolic and religious meanings.
Carving art works are visible works of art that can be seen directly, enjoyed by everyone, both in terms of the design or the techniques used.
So as to produce a form / picture decoration that is repeated or continuous with one another.
Carving itself can be made using a variety of materials. Among them are like wood, bone, stone, metal and even fruit.
To determine the materials that will be used in the process of making carvings depending on the purpose.
B. History of Carving Art in Indonesia
Indonesia Starts to recognize young stone age carving, which is around 1500 BC. At that time the ancestors had made carvings from stone ax materials.
The motifs made at that time were very simple, usually only geometric motifs in the form of lines, curves, points with material from clay, stone and wood.
Materials for making carvings have evolved by using bronze, silver, gold and others.
And in the manufacturing process that is by using cast media.
The motifs used in the bronze era were meader motifs, multiple strands, masks and animals and humans.
Then after Islam entered Indonesia, carving experienced a very rapid development, in the form of designs, motifs and production.
Carvings can usually be found in temples and inscriptions made by previous people to commemorate the kings.
This type of engraving can also be found on traditional weapons, mosques, palace, musical instruments and others.
Historical evidence during this period can be found in the Upgrading Temple in Blitar, Prambanan Temples and other temples.
C. Difference between Carving and Sculpture
Carving is often associated with sculpture, but these two are very different.
Sculpture is more aimed at producing three-dimensional works, such as joint sculptures. While carving, in general, the results are more directed to objects.
Sculpture is an activity of carving made in four or five dimensions.
As for the carving itself only uses a flat plane. Then formed concave parts and convex parts to get a particular art pattern or picture.
D. Types of Carved Art
There are at least 6 types of carving produced by artists including:
- Convex Carving Type
Convex carving is a convex carved form, this type of engraving is widely used in relief making.
- Type of Stacking Carving
Stacking carving is a carving in the form of stacking. For example in carving large leaves under the carving of medium and small leaves so that a beautiful shape occurs.
- Concave Carving Type
Concave carving is a concave carving.
- Line Engraving Type
Line carving is a form of carving carved on the lines of the drawing only. This type of line carving is very widely used on metal as a carving stroke.
- Takokan Carving Type
Takokan carving is a form of carving that does not use a frame, so this carving shows the edges of the carving boundaries only. Takokan carving is closely related to the type of carving krawangan.
- Type of Translucent Carving Krawangan
Translucent carving or krawangan is a form of carving that does not apply the base, so this carving is essentially translucent. So it is often used for room dividers, chairs, carved paste and so on.
Wood as one of the main ingredients in carving plays an important role in the work of a carving art work. Getting a certain type of wood in making a work will support the amazing work of carving art.